In the Late Bronze Age, around 1250 BC, life in the Eastern Mediterranean was flourishing. The Hittites had established a mighty empire that controlled most of Anatolia and Northern Syria; the Mycenaean civilisation thrived in Greece and Crete, and under the rule of the great Pharaoh Ramses II, Egypt ruled an empire that stretched from Sudan to Southern Syria. The states ruled by monarchs, were palace centred, and wealthy. The entire region was connected by an extensive network of trade routes, forming one big globalised system.
But by 1177 BC this old world was gone. Within a period of 40-50 years almost every significant city, palace & trade was destroyed and wiped out forever. The world had entered its first recorded ‘Dark Age’. Why? What happened?